Unramified cohomology

General Introduction
"An attempt to receoncile the schemetheoretic point of view with the birational one".
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Online References
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Paper References
ColliotThelene: Birational invariants, Purity, and the Gersten conjecture. In Proc. Symp. Pure Math. vol 58.1 (1995).
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Definition
There is a general formalism, starting from a functor from rings, or kalgs, (possibly only with the flat morphisms) to Ab. The output is a constravariant functor on (smooth integral???) kvarieties, or something like that. For this to work, one needs some of the following properties of the original functor:
 Injectivity property for a regular local ring
 Codimension one purity property for a regular local ring
 Specialization property for a regular local ring
 Field homotopy invariance
 Ring homotopy invariance
The unramified cohomology groups is defined as a subgroup of etale cohomology of the function field, with torsion (twisted roots of unity) coefficients.
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Properties
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Standard theorems
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Open Problems
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Connections to Number Theory
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Computations and Examples
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History and Applications
Artin and Mumford: Examples of unirational but nonrational varieties.
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Some Research Articles
Unramified cohomology of quadrics: K0221 and K0338 and K0359
Monnier: Unramfied cohomology and quadratic forms (2000)
arXiv:1001.4574 Birational invariants and A^1connectedness from arXiv Front: math.KT by Aravind Asok We study some aspects of the relationship between A^1homotopy theory and birational geometry. We study the socalled A^1singular chain complex and zeroth A^1homology sheaf of smooth algebraic varieties over a field k. We exhibit some ways in which these objects are similar to their counterparts in classical topology and similar to their motivic counterparts (the (Voevodsky) motive and zeroth Suslin homology sheaf). We show that if k is infinite the zeroth A^1homology sheaf is a birational invariant of smooth proper varieties, and we explain how these sheaves control various cohomological invariants, e.g., unramified étale cohomology. In particular, we deduce a number of vanishing results for cohomology of A^1connected varieties. Finally, we give a partial converse to these vanishing statements by giving a characterization of A^1connectedness by means of vanishing of unramified invariants.
arXiv:1102.0375 Classes de cycles motiviques étales from arXiv Front: math.AG by Bruno Kahn Let X be a smooth variety over a field k, and l be a prime number invertible in k. We study the (étale) unramified H^3 of X with coefficients Ql/Zl(2) in the style of ColliotThélène and Voisin. If k is separably closed, finite or padic, this describes it as an extension of a finite group F by a divisible group D, where F is the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of the ladic cycle map. If k is finite and X is projective and of abelian type, verifying the Tate conjecture, D=0. If k is separably closed, we relate D to an ladic Griffiths group. If k is the separable closure of a finite field and X comes from a variety over a finite field as described above, then D = 0 as soon as H^3(X,Q_l) is entirely of coniveau > 0, but an example of Schoen shows that this condition is not necessary.
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